Over the years we’ve heard lots of stories and memories that people have about fruit. Apricot trees seem to have a special place in people’s hearts.
An apricot tree has been common in backyards since waaaaay back when. Lots of people have special memories of the smell and taste of eating sweet, ripe apricots on a hot summer’s day. Maybe they were visiting Grandma or pinching fruit from over the fence at the neighbour’s place.
We definitely share the apricot love, so today we’re delving into what makes them such a fondly remembered backyard tree, and asking whether they deserve a place in your garden.
Where do apricot trees come from?
Though their proper name is Prunus armeniaca, apricots probably come from China rather than Armenia. The earliest known writings about apricots are from the time of the emperor Yu, around 2200 BC, and some sources say they were known in India in 3000 BC. It gives a whole new twist to the notion of “heritage” fruit, doesn’t it? If you want to learn more about the history of apricots in China read this gorgeous blog.
There are literally dozens of different varieties of apricots. We grow 11 at our place, chosen because they ripen consecutively, which gives us ripe apricots from late spring right through until mid-summer. It also gives us a lot of variety of flavours and uses. We’ve grafted a few more varieties in our test patch this year, so we’ll update you when we know what they’re like.
Our varieties, in order of ripening are:
A lively flavoured sweet apricot with tart skin, which has a strong apricot flavour when properly tree-ripened.
A large apricot, prone to cracking and deformities on some trees in some seasons, but ripens well on the tree and has a good flavour.
A large, egg-shaped apricot, can crack easily in the rain, but wonderful intense flavour when ripe, a really special apricot
A rare heritage variety from England in the early 1800s. Fruit is small to medium, with a prominent seam and a very “apricot-y” flavour. Bright orange flesh that is juicy and sweet when ripe, freestone. Previously one of the most commonly grown apricots. Self-fertile. Flowers early, making it vulnerable to frost.
A medium to large apricot, brightly coloured, quite sweet. Castlebrite is a good, reliable apricot, not very strong in flavour but nice for eating and jam. They begin sweetening up on the tree as they start looking ripe, and hang well and continue to ripen without being too prone to falling off. Unfortunately, the trees are very vulnerable to blossom blight, and the fruit can be prone to brown rot.
Bred in South Australia in the 1950s. Small to medium, slightly oblong fruit, apricot colour with dull red blush. Dark apricot flesh, good sweet flavour with slightly acid skin, clingstone.
A medium to small, round pale apricot with firm texture, and delicious intense apricot flavour. They ripen well on the tree and are not inclined to fall off easily. Tend to be a very spreading tree.
A dark orange apricot, which is very sour when it first turns orange and starts to look ripe. It goes on to develop intense flavour and sweetness if left to ripen on the tree for another week or two. An apricot that really needs taste testing before picking to ensure sugars have properly developed. Great eaten fresh, and good for bottling, but makes a very dark jam.
One of our favourite all-purpose apricots. Rival sweeten early on the tree, hang well, and are good for eating, preserving, and drying. They are also a reliable cropper, and not particularly vulnerable to disease. Our best recommendation for a backyard tree.
Popular with canneries and a good all-purpose apricot. Good for drying or eating fresh.
An old-fashioned favourite, a slightly flattened, very sweet, pale orange apricot that ripens from the inside, so they are sweet and delicious to eat even when they look a bit green. Trevatt are very soft textured, and make fantastic jam, but lose their shape immediately when cooked, so not great for bottling.
Another old favourite with a distinctive flavour, darker colour and firmer flesh than Trevatt, Moorpark are a late apricot, and not a good cropper in our climate, but are highly prized for their sweetness. Prone to freckle, which is a skin disease that affects the look of the fruit, but not the taste.
Another great all-purpose apricot, Tilton are nice and sweet and good for eating fresh, bottling or drying. Can be a little dry. Handy because they’re self-pollinating.
Medium to large, pale apricot colour, light flesh that is firm and has good flavour. Freestone. A late flowering apricot. Self-fertile. Ripens 3 weeks after Rival, in late January. One of the latest fruiting apricots.
What else is there to love about apricot trees?
Apricot trees are very vigorous, and are usually grafted onto plum rootstocks (or occasionally peach). They can grow into massive trees, and are absolutely gorgeous in spring when they’re covered with fragrant pink and white blossom.
They’re fabulously good for you. They’re high in fibre, vitamins A & C, and have masses of antioxidants. According to Shakespeare in A Midsummer Night’s Dream they’re also good for your love life.
Apricot kernels have been used as a cancer treatment since at least the 17th century and are still available in many health food shops for this purpose, though modern science is conflicted about whether it actually works. The kernels contain small amounts of hydrogen cyanide. This is poisonous in large doses but fine (and possibly therapeutic) in small doses. In fact, it gives a lovely marzipan flavour to jam if the kernels are cooked with the jam.
Are apricot trees easy to grow?
This is one area where it can be a little harder to love your apricot tree. Apricots can be really tricky to grow because they need a very specific climate to produce fruit.
They need a cold winter for the fruit to set but are tragically sensitive to frost in spring, which can damage both the flowers and small fruit. They also need warm conditions in spring and summer because they ripen so early.
One of the main reasons we love apricots is because we can grow them! Our farm has just the right combination of cold winters and hot summers, and the huge advantage of being almost frost-free.
Sadly, they’re also prone to fungal diseases, especially blossom blight and brown rot, as well as gummosis. They’re usually pruned in late summer or early autumn, while the weather is still warm, to help prevent the spread of disease.
As well as pruning, the other main maintenance job with apricots is fruit thinning in spring, because they’re a bugger for biennial bearing (heavy crop one year, followed by a light crop the next year), and thinning breaks the cycle, but the trick is, you have to do it every year!
Tell me again why I love them?
They sound like hard work, don’t they? They’re probably the fruit tree we hear the most complaints about. However, with the right climate, the right pruning, good hygiene, organic fungicides, and good pest control, it’s quite possible to keep your apricot tree healthy and bearing well (really, trust us, it’s do-able. Or do our apricot short course).
All that hard work of getting a crop is sooooo worth it because apricots are wonderfully versatile.
If you’re lucky enough to harvest a glut, they make delicious jam. They also lend themselves to preserving and drying. With a little work in the kitchen, you can capture those delicious memories of eating fragrant ripe apricots straight from the tree to enjoy all year.