In 2016 we planted a new heritage apple orchard on the farm. The really exciting thing about the new orchard is the diversity of apples that we’ve planted. We’re aiming for around 100 varieties. At the moment there are about 46, with more going in each year.

So, why so many varieties? And why are we focusing on heirloom varieties that no one’s heard of, and hardly anyone grows?

7 reasons to grow heirloom varieties

Growing heritage varieties fits with our philosophy in a number of ways:

  1. We’re on a mission to teach as many people as possible how to grow their own organic food and become self-sufficient for food. The heritage orchard will be a great teaching resource.
  2. It further increases the diversity (as opposed to monoculture) on the farm, something we aim for at every level. We’ve learned the hard way that it’s our best protection against the risks of farming.
  3. To learn more about apple varieties, The more varieties we grow, the better the advice we can offer about early, mid-season, and late varieties.
  4. We’re always keen to extend the length of the growing season. The longer you can harvest fresh fruit (and vegetables, for that matter) from your garden, the less time you’re relying on supply from elsewhere.
  5. We love having more variety on our table and in our diets.
  6. It will help to preserve heritage varieties that are currently in danger of being lost completely.
  7. It will give us a better diversity of apples that are suited to eating, cooking, juice, and cider.

A few thank-you’s

Our farm is also a community, so we want to thank a few important people who helped us get the heritage apple venture off the ground.

A huge thank you to the lovely Smith family, who enthusiastically jumped in and helped us plant the trees. Sue Smith was a huge supporter of our farm (and got her whole family involved) before she sadly passed away. We think of her often when we’re in the heritage apple orchard.

Keith Robertson, from the Creswick Garden Club
Keith has the most amazing collection of more than 700 apple varieties in his suburban backyard in Creswick. He was generous enough to let us follow him around for a wonderful day gathering scion wood to graft the heritage apple trees. We only had room to take a fraction of his collection, but he thoughtfully followed our brief that we wanted varieties that (a) he knew something about (whether they’re for eating, cider, or cooking) and (b) will extend our season by being earlier or later than existing varieties that we grow.

Keith Robertson in amongst his apple collection
Keith Robertson in amongst his apple collection

Merv Carr (Katie’s Dad)
Despite having theoretically retired many years ago, Merv is still the driving force behind our on-farm Carr’s Organic Fruit Tree Nursery (which is named in his honour).

The nursery grows several thousand trees each year which are sold to the public in winter. We treasure Merv’s involvement and the chance to learn his fabulous skills.

Merv Carr (or Pa, as most of us call him) at home in the nursery
Merv Carr (or Pa, as most of us call him) at home in the nursery

What’s a “heritage” apple anyway?

The word “heritage” is sometimes interchanged with “heirloom” (and occasionally “antique”), but what does it really mean?

Wikipedia states that an heirloom plant is “an old cultivar of a plant used for food that is grown and maintained by gardeners or farmers, particularly in isolated or ethnic minority communities of the Western world.”

That pretty much fits the bill, but it’s hard to find a firm definition of exactly how old an “old cultivar” has to be to qualify as an heirloom apple.

Without going too deep into the issue, we can probably agree that it refers to apples that can be traced back at least 50 to 100 years.

So, without further ado, here’s a list of some of the varieties in the heritage orchard. This is not an exhaustive list, as new varieties are being planted each year.

We don’t really know how many we’ll end up with, but we enjoy making a different range of heritage apples available each year in the nursery.

The apple list

Common Apple Variety
Golden Delicious
Granny Smith
Pink Lady
Red delicious
Rosy Glow
Lady William
Cider Apple Variety
Brown Snout
Kingston Black
Yarlington Mill
Heritage/Heirloom or Unusual Apple Variety
Andre Sauvage
Beauty of Bath
Belle de Boskoop
Blenheim Orange Ex-Normandy = Woodstock Pippin
Brabrant Bellefleur
Calville Blanc D’Hiver
Court Pendu Plat
Cox’s Orange Pippin
Dorset Golden
Dunn’s Seedling
Eagle Point Star
James Grieve
Kidd’s Orange Red
King David
King of Pippins
Lord Lambourne
Peasgood Nonesuch
Ribston Pippin
Rome Beauty
Roundway Magnum Bonnum
Spring Grove Codlin
Sturmer Pippin
Tasman Pride
Twenty Ounce
Vista Bella
Wild Heather

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